This 45 minute video lesson starts the process of extending the virtual building beyond a simple model with a single floor. An upper story is added with windows and doors, floors are added to support the walls, and sections are cut and examined.
Here are two PDF files, one for USA users in feet and inches, and the other for International users with metric standards. Please open the appropriate PDF and print it out as a reference while you go through this lesson.
You may need to right-click the following links and select Save Link As to download the file to your computer.
The development of the QuickStart Building continues from the last lesson. We switch to the upper story, and right-click on the ground floor to show it as a trace reference (or in ArchiCAD 10 as a “ghost story”). The eye-dropper is used to pick up the settings of the ground floor exterior walls, which are seen in the trace image. The trace reference is turned off to simplify the view, then the starting point for the first wall is determined using an automatic guideline projected from the left hand wall up towards the back wall of the building.
At the intersection snap point, the first wall is started, and the outline is quickly created using the tracker palette. In addition to coordinate input, occasionally other snaps and references are used to determine the wall placement.
The trace reference is again turned on, so that the window tool can be activated with the eye-dropper clicking on one of the lower floor windows; then the reference is turned off to make it easier to work. The windows are placed, with some of them set to different sizes and in one case, to a different glazing pattern with a horizontal-vertical grid.
One window is dragged into position in line with a window in an opposing wall. A copy of this window is then mirrored across the centerline of its own wall so that these two windows are symmetrically arranged. The doors are inserted in quick succession using the special snaps.
The building is viewed in 3D, and studied, where it is clear that the walls of the two stories are stacked directly on top of each other. In this case, the option is chosen to place slabs in between the lower and upper walls, so the ground floor walls are lowered to make room. The Edit menu > Select All command is used with the Wall tool active, which then becomes Select All Walls; the height is easily adjusted for all the walls in a single step using the Info Box.
The slab tool is activated, and the polygon method chosen so that the wall footprint can be manually traced. The process is repeated for the upper story, then the building is again viewed in 3D. The slabs (in the USA version) have a different edge material, so they contrast to the exterior walls. The slabs are selected in 3D, and in the Slab Settings dialog, the edge material is changed to match the walls. Now the surfaces blend together nicely.
On the floor plan, the section tool is chosen, and a straight section is drawn from right to left. Then the section geometry is changed to “staggered”, and a section is drawn vertically that starts in line with the openings in the upper part of the building, then jogs over to include the lower window. The section marker needs to be extended beyond the wall face, so it is selected, and using the Stretch option in the Pet Palette, it is stretched so that it will include the upper right part of the building.
The sections are examined by double-clicking on each section listed in the View map folder. An alternate method is shown, in which you can open up the section viewpoint by right-clicking on the section marker on the floor plan and selecting Open Section. (While this is very convenient, a limitation of this method is that the correct layers for the section may not be visible, since only the layers shown on the floor plan will be turned on; you can correct this after you open the section by switching the layer combination or finding the matching section item in the View map and double-clicking it to activate the View Settings.)
Each series of actions is demonstrated first in the USA version (with metric distances referred to during the process), then repeated with the INT version as a quick review. At the end, the distances and placement are verified with the use of the Measure tool.
TROUBLESHOOTING NOTES: Remember, if you start to draw something and the geometry method (e.g. polygon, rectangle, polywall, etc.) or construction method (left / center / right or center/corner) are not set properly, you may be able to change it “on the fly” while in the middle of the process by going to the Info Box or even opening up the tool Settings dialog. However, if it still isn’t working right, simply hit the Escape key (if you are still in process) or use the Edit menu > Undo command (if you’ve completed it and it is incorrect), and start over.
If you are in the middle of clicking a series of points (for example, to create the polygon outline of a slab), and you get one of them wrong, use the Backspace or Delete key to go back a step or two. If you hit the Escape key, you will have to start over from the beginning.
|Thank you for visiting the Best Practices Course website. The video lessons are available for members only. If you are an active member and would like to watch the ArchiCAD training video on this page, please login to the website. If you are not currently a member, please visit the following pages for more information and to sign up for the Best Practices Course, the QuickStart Course or for the Best Practices ArchiCAD Coaching Program. Eric Bobrow, Creator of the Best Practices Course|
You may need to right-click the following links and select Save Link As to download the file to your computer
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